Athens was still strong after 2500 years of turbulence


Throughout 2,500 years of history, the ancient Citadel of Greece has survived steadily after many earthquakes, while other modern buildings have collapsed. What makes this miracle? Experts have now come to the conclusion that this was the result of an ingenious build of ancient engineers.

Kyriazis Pitilakis, professor of civil engineering at Aristotle University in Thessaloniki told Greek Reporter, "This is an incredible work, using ingenious solutions to technical problems. and unresolved construction ".


Defense of Athens, observed from the hill of Philopappou. (Image: Savin / Wikimedia Commons).

Scientists and engineers, puzzled by how ancient buildings survived numerous local earthquakes, conducted defense analyzes of Athens and the famous Parthenon temple. located on the top. Based on their research, they came to the conclusion that these buildings were specifically designed to combat earthquakes.

In a seminar on "Contemporary interventions in the ruins of the City of Athens" organized by the Department of Civil Engineering, Prof. Pitilakis said: "The modular pillars, in addition to being built to have It can be easily assembled and transported, and is also designed to integrate earthquake resistant features. " Indeed, these pillars were built to withstand earthquakes.


Erechtheum, the ancient Greek temple at the City of Athens. This is the temple of Poseidon and Athena. (Photo: Juan Manuel Caicedo / Flickr).

It seems that ancient engineers knew how to make their works enduring, and this is part of the reason why we can still see them standing in Athens today.

The City of Athens, known as the "preeminent building" on the list of world heritage sites in Europe, is an ancient citadel stretched with many works, including the famous Parthenon temple. Evidence shows that this site has been settled since the 4th millennium BC, and it has suffered much damage from war and fire during its long history. The amazing part was that the Parthenon was used to store gunpowder, and a cannon cannon caused a devastating explosion that destroyed the structure in 1687.


Parthenon temple at night. (Photo: Andreas Kontokanis / Flickr).

Prof. Pitilakis explained the importance of this long-standing historical site in Athens, saying: "The Parthenon crystallizes all of Greece and everything the country has devoted to the local world. In the best way, the temple stands as a symbol of European culture, a symbol of the principles of norms, of art, of technology and of human ability. is because besides being a work of the highest aesthetic value, this temple is also a wonder of mechanical engineering. "

In 1964, the Greek government began to undertake efforts to restore the citadel, and many groups of archaeologists, chemists, architects, and civil engineers collaborated to preserve the cultural symbol. and this important history.


Quang Canh Ve looked from Areopagus. (Image: Wikimedia).

The World Cultural Council referred to the award-winning restoration of the Athens Conservation Foundation in Greece, saying, "Most of the marble comes from the islands. in Greece, where there is a long tradition of marble-making, they are now inheriting their father's career, using similar methods and tools, not to create [something new], but to save a masterpiece that belongs not only to the people of Greece but also of all humanity ".