7 battleships once notorious on world charts
Here are 7 famous warships in world military history.
1. Yamato - battleship equipped with the most powerful weapons
Launched in 1940, Yamato was the ship of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. To confront the large number of American fleets, Japan assembled Yamato and Musashi, the most heavily armed ships to this day, with nine main guns of up to 460 mm caliber.
During World War II, Yamato and nine other warships were ordered to fight the Allied forces in Okinawa. But before reaching the location, Yamato and five other Japanese warships were sunk by US aircraft carriers.
Yamato and Musashi were symbols for the Japanese people - as long as these warships were able to fight, Japan would never lose.
2. HMS Dreadnought - a revolution in naval power
HMS Dreadnought was a battleship for the Royal Navy. Dreadnought is a very "inspiring" name ("dread" means "fear"). This battleship represents a leap forward, a great leap forward in military technology and technology. In fact, the battleships that appeared before Dreadnought were referred to as pre-Dreadnought battleships.
Launched in 1906, HMS Dreadnought was the first ship to feature steam turbines and thus became the fastest ship in the world. Although this battleship did not function during the war, it prompted a naval arms race during World War I. In 1915, HMS Dreadnought sank a German U-boat, becoming the only battleship. Most have sunk a submarine.
Sadly, HMS Dreadnought was sold for scrap in 1919.
3. USS Missouri (BB-63) - the last US-built battleship
Launched in 1944, the USS Missouri (BB-63) or "Mighty Mo" is a battleship that has won 11 stars for its service during World War II, the Korean War and the Gulf War. In 1995, the battleship was first decommissioned, but resumed in 1984 when the US issued a plan to rebuild the naval fleet.
During World War II, Missouri survived a suicide bombing with minimal damage. Missouri helped protect aircraft carriers and bombarded the Japanese coast. This battleship was the site of the signing of unconditional surrender of the Japanese Empire to the Allies, officially ending World War II.
Since 1998, Missouri has become a museum ship in Pearl Harbor.
4. USS Arizona (BB-39) - battleships were defeated at Pearl Harbor
If Yamato was a loss to the Japanese navy and people during World War II, it could be said that USS Arizona is the same thing for the American people. Launched in 1915, Arizona is a battleship, heavier and better armed than the original Dreadnought class.
In 1940, USS Arizona was transferred from California to Pearl Harbor along with the rest of the Pacific Fleet in an attempt to stop the Japanese army. During the Battle of Pearl Harbor in 1941, Japanese bomb fire killed almost 1,512 crew members on USS Arizona and eventually the ship sank.
Parts of Arizona (including cannon) were salvaged and installed on the Nevada battleship. Nevada fired off the islands of Okinawa and Iwo Jima in Japan at the end of World War II. Today, when you visit the USS Arizona Monument, you can see the wreck in shallow water.
5. USS Enterprise (CVN-65) - The longest naval ship ever built
Launched in 1960, USS Enterprise or "Big E" is the world's first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier and to this day remains the longest naval ship in the world. With 51 consecutive years of operation, this is the longest serving aircraft carrier in American history. USS Enterprise has been shut down since 2012.
Also worth mentioning is the predecessor version of USS Enterprise (CVN-65), USS Enterprise (CV-6). Launched in 1936, this was the 7th Enterprise Enterprise of the US Navy, which won 20 battle stars, the highest achievement of the ships of World War II.
6. HMS Hood (51) - the pride of the Royal Navy
Launched in 1918, Hood was the largest cruiser ever built and was the last of the Royal Navy.
In May 1941, Hood and other ships were ordered to intercept the German battleship Bismarck and the accompanying heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen. The Royal Navy knew that Hood's armor surpassed World War II-era warships, and it was one of the few heavy ships that could defeat Bismarck. However, during the battle, Hood was sunk during the clash with Bismarck, 1418 people were on the Hood when the ship sank, only 3 survived.
7. Bismarck - the biggest rival of the Royal Navy
Launched in 1939, Bismarck and Tirpitz, are the largest German warships ever built, and are two of the largest battleships in Europe. In the process of serving only 8 months with an offensive operation, Bismarck sank HMS Hood (51) - the pride of the Royal Navy, creating a two-day chase with cargo participation. dozens of British warships. Bismarck was attacked by torpedo bombers, and was eventually destroyed by the British battleship.
NEW TECHNOLOGY ELECTRONIC REPORT
Responsible agency: Union of Science and High-Tech Production and Telecommunications (HTI) - Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology
Editor in chief: Vo Tran
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